Managing Accounts Principles

Posted by in Security+ | 0 comments

When an account is active, access control methods are used to control what the user can do. Additionally, administrators use access controls to control when and where users can log on.  If you’re planning to take the SY0-501 version of the Security+ exam, you should have a basic understanding of managing accounts. This includes differentiating common account management practices, along with some basic principles used with account management.

For example, can you answer this practice test question?

Q. Members of a project team chose to meet at a local library to complete some work on a key project. All of them are authorized to work from home using a VPN connection and have connected from home successfully. However, they found that they were unable to connect to the network using the VPN from the library and they could not access any of the project data. Which of the following choices is the MOST likely reason why they can’t access this data?

A. Role-based access control

B. Time-of-day access control

C. Location-based policy

D. Discretionary access control

More, do you know why the correct answer is correct and the incorrect answers are incorrect? The answer and explanation are available at the end of this post.

Get Certified Get Ahead

Time-of-Day Restrictions

Time-of-day restrictions specify when users can log on to a computer. If a user tries to log on to the network outside the restricted time, the system denies access to the user.

As an example, imagine a company operates between 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. on a daily basis. Managers decide they don’t want regular users logging on to the network except between 6:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. You could set time-of-day restrictions for user accounts, as shown in the figure. If a user tries to log on outside the restricted time (such as during the weekend), the system prevents the user from logging on.

Managing Accounts Principles

User account properties with time restrictions

If users are working overtime on a project, the system doesn’t log them off when the restricted time arrives. For example, if Maggie is working late on a Wednesday night, the system doesn’t log her off at 8:00 p.m. (assuming the time restrictions are set as shown in the figure). However, the system will prevent her from creating any new network connections.

CompTIA Security+ Study Guide

The 501 Version of the Study Guide

The CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide is an update to the top-selling SY0-201, SY0-301, and SY0-401 study guides, which have helped thousands of readers pass the exam the first time they took it.  It includes the same elements readers raved about in the previous three versions.

Each of the eleven chapters presents topics in an easy to understand manner and includes real-world examples of security principles in action.

You’ll understand the important and relevant security topics for the Security+ exam, without being overloaded with unnecessary details. Additionally, each chapter includes a comprehensive review section to help you focus on what’s important.



Over 300 realistic practice test questions with in-depth explanations will help you test your comprehension and readiness for the exam. The book includes:

  • A 75 question pre-test
  • A 75 question post-test
  • Practice test questions at the end of every chapter.

Each practice test question includes a detailed explanation to help you understand the content and the reasoning behind the question. You’ll be ready to take and pass the exam the first time you take it.

If you plan to pursue any of the advanced security certifications, this guide will also help you lay a solid foundation of security knowledge. Learn this material, and you’ll be a step ahead for other exams. This SY0-501 study guide is for any IT or security professional interested in advancing in their field, and a must-read for anyone striving to master the basics of IT security.

Kindle edition also available.

Location-Based Policies

Location-based policies restrict access based on the location of the user. For example, geolocation technologies can often detect a location using the IP address, and block any traffic from unacceptable addresses, such as from foreign countries. It’s also possible to identify a set of IP addresses as the only addresses that are acceptable. This is often referred to as whitelisting the IP addresses.

Within a network, it’s possible to restrict access based on computer names or MAC addresses. For example, imagine Bart has been logging on to multiple computers with his account. It is possible to restrict his account to only his computer. When he tries to log on to his account, he is successful. If he tries to log on to another computer, the location-based policy blocks him.

Remember this

Time-of-day restrictions prevent users from logging on during restricted times. They also prevent logged-on users from accessing resources during certain times. Location-based policies restrict access based on the location of the user.

Expiring Accounts and Recertification

It’s possible to set user accounts to expire automatically. When the account expires, the system disables it, and the user is no longer able to log on using the account.

If you look back at the figure, it shows the properties of an account. The Account Expires section is at the bottom of the page, and the account is set to expire on September 1. When September 1 arrives, the account is automatically disabled and the user will no longer be able to log on.

It’s common to configure temporary accounts to expire. For example, an organization may hire contractors for a 90-day period to perform a specific job. An administrator creates accounts for the contractors and sets them to expire in 90 days. This automatically disables the accounts at the end of the contract.

If the organization extends the contract, it’s a simple matter to recertify the account. Administrators verify that the contract has been extended, change the expiration date, and enable the account.

Full Security+ Course

SY0-501 Full Security+ Course

Helping you Pass the First Time

Online access includes all of the content from the

CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide

  • Introduction
  • About the exam (including information on the number of questions, test duration, passing score, types of questions and more. Also includes a listing of the exam objectives)
  • 75 question pre-assessment exam
  • Mastering Security Basics (full content from Chapter 1 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Identity and Access Management (full content from Chapter 2 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Exploring Network Technologies and Tools (full content from Chapter 3 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Securing Your Network (full content from Chapter 4 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Securing Hosts and Data (full content from Chapter 5 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Comparing Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Common Attacks (full content from Chapter 6 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Protecting Against Advanced Attacks (full content from Chapter 7 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Using Risk Management Tools (full content from Chapter 8 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Implementing Controls to Protect Assets (full content from Chapter 9 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Cryptography and PKI (full content from Chapter 10 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • Implementing Policies to Mitigate Risks (full content from Chapter 11 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 15 practice test questions)
  • 75 question post-assessment exam
  • Glossary

Get the SY0-501 Full Security+ Course Here


Test your readiness with these quality materials

Random 75-question tests

Random practice tests from the all of the practice test questions in the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide. All questions include explanations so you'll know why the correct answers are correct, and why the incorrect answers are incorrect.

3 sets Performance-based Questions

Three new sets of performance-based questions with a total of 30 questions. These new questions use a new testing engine that includes realistic drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in the blank questions.

Flashcard Set

  • 494 Online Security+ Glossary Flashcards
  • 222 Online Security+ Acronyms Flashcards
  • 223 Online Security+ Remember This Slide from the popular CompTIA Security+ Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide

Audio - SY0-501 Security+ Remember This Audio Files

Learn by Listening. Over one hour and 20 minutes of audio (MP3 downloads.)

Audio - SY0-501 Security+ Question and Answer Audio Files

Learn by Listening. Over two hours hour and 53 minutes of audio (MP3 downloads.)

Bonus #1

Audio from the end of chapter reviews from each of the chapters in the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide. Over one hour and 40 minutes of additional audio.

Bonus #2

Access to all of the online content that is available for free to anyone that purchases the CompTIA Security+ Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide. This includes labs, extra practice test questions, and supplementary materials

Bonus #3 

Access the study materials for a total of 60 days because sometimes life happens.

Get the SY0-501 Full Security+ Course Here

Account Maintenance

Administrators routinely perform account maintenance. This is often done with scripts to automate the processes.

As an example, it’s relatively simple to create and run a script listing all enabled accounts that haven’t been used in the last 30 days in a Microsoft AD DS domain. This provides a list of inactive accounts. Often, these are accounts of ex-employees or temporary employees who are no longer at the organization. Ideally, an account disablement policy would ensure that the accounts are disabled as soon as the employee leaves. The scripts provide an additional check to ensure inactive accounts are disabled.

Additionally, account maintenance includes deleting accounts that are no longer needed. For example, if an organization has a policy of disabling accounts when employees leave, but deleting them 60 days later, account maintenance procedures ensure the accounts are deleted.


Security+ Practice Test Questions

SY0-501 Practice Test Questions 

Over 300 realistic Security+ practice test questions

All questions include explanations so you'll know why the correct answers are correct,

and why the incorrect answers are incorrect.

Pass the Security+ Exam

the First Time You Take It

Multiple quiz formats to let you use these questions based on the way you learn.
  • Learn mode - randomized. View each of the questions in random order. Learn mode allows you to keep selecting answers until you select the correct answer. Once you select the correct answer, you'll see the explanation. Click here to see how learn mode works.
  • Learn mode - not randomized. View each of the questions in the same order. Use this if you want to make sure that you see all of the questions. Learn mode allows you to keep selecting answers until you select the correct answer. Once you select the correct answer, you'll see the explanation. Click here to see how learn mode works.
  • Test mode - randomized. View each of the questions in random order. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.
  • Test mode - not randomized. View each of the questions in the same order. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.
  • Test mode - 75 random questions. View 75 random questions from the full test bank similar to how the Security+ exam has a potential maximum of 75 multiple choice questions. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.

Get the full bank of SY0-501 Practice Test Questions Here

 SY0-501 Practice Test Questions


INCLUDES QUESTIONS TO HELP YOU PREPARE

FOR THE NEW PERFORMANCE BASED QUESTIONS 

Bonus - Performance Based Questions

Three sets of performance-based questions including over 30 questions. These questions show you what you can expect in the live exam. They include drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in the blank questions. See a demo here.

Bonus - Extra Practice Test Questions

New multiple-choice questions in the extra test bank. Questions are added occasionally. You can see what has been added recently here.

Get the full bank of Security+ (SYO-501) Practice Test Questions Here

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions

Click here if you're looking for SY0-501 Full Study Package

Q. Members of a project team chose to meet at a local library to complete some work on a key project. All of them are authorized to work from home using a VPN connection and have connected from home successfully. However, they found that they were unable to connect to the network using the VPN from the library and they could not access any of the project data. Which of the following choices is the MOST likely reason why they can’t access this data?

A. Role-based access control

B. Time-of-day access control

C. Location-based policy

D. Discretionary access control

Answer is C. A location-based policy restricts access based on location, such as with an IP address, and this is the best possible answer of those given. The scenario indicates they could use the virtual private network (VPN) connection from home, but it was blocked when they tried to access it from the library.

A time-of-day access control restricts access based on the time of day, but the scenario doesn’t indicate the time.

Neither a discretionary access control model nor a role-based access control model restricts access based on location.

See Chapter 2 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide for more information on managing accounts.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

CompTIA Security+ Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list and get a free excerpt of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-501 Study Guide.  This excerpt includes the introduction and Chapter 1. 

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Get Certified Get Ahead is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program,
an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com.

Copyright © 2015 Get Certified Get Ahead. All Rights Reserved.