Vulnerability Assessment Techniques

Posted by in Security+ | 0 comments

If you’re planning on taking the Security+ exam, you should have a good understanding of vulnerability assessment and other techniques used to detect vulnerabilities.

For example, can you answer this question?

Q. Your organization develops application software, which it sells to other companies for commercial use. Your organization wants to ensure that the software isn’t susceptible to common vulnerabilities, such as buffer overflow attacks and race conditions. What should the organization implement to ensure software meets this standard?

A. Input validation

B. Change management

C. Code review

D. Regression testing

More, do you know why the correct answer is correct and the incorrect answers are incorrect? The answer and explanation is available at the end of this post.

Security+ Practice Test Questions

SYO-401 Practice Test Questions Now Available

Over 440 realistic Security+ practice test questions

All questions include explanations so you'll know why the correct answers are correct,

and why the incorrect answers are incorrect.

Pass the Security+ Exam

the First Time You Take It

Multiple quiz formats to let you use these questions based on the way you learn.
  • Learn mode - randomized. View each of the questions in random order. Learn mode allows you to keep selecting answers until you select the correct answer. Once you select the correct answer, you'll see the explanation. Click here to see how learn mode works.
  • Learn mode - not randomized. View each of the questions in the same order. Use this if you want to make sure that you see all of the questions. Learn mode allows you to keep selecting answers until you select the correct answer. Once you select the correct answer, you'll see the explanation. Click here to see how learn mode works.
  • Test mode - randomized. View each of the questions in random order. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.
  • Test mode - not randomized. View each of the questions in the same order. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.
  • Test mode - 100 random questions. View 100 random questions from the full test bank similar to how the Security+ exam has a potential maximum of 100 multiple choice questions. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions Here

 SYO-401 Practice Test Questions Now Available


INCLUDES QUESTIONS TO HELP YOU PREPARE

FOR THE NEW PERFORMANCE BASED QUESTIONS 

Bonus - Performance Based Questions

Additional Security+ questions to help you prepare for the new performance based questions. These are included with the full bank of Security+ practice test questions and are divided into different sections. For example, you'll have access to the following links:

- Performance Based Question - Set 1

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of security to mobile devices and servers in a data center. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 2

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 3

You'll see a graphic showing a network with computers and servers separated by a firewall. The firewall is used to control traffic between the computers and users using rules within an access control list (ACL).  You'll have three questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly identify the relevant components of the rule. The incorrect answers and explanation provide you with insight into how to correctly answer this type of question on the actual exam.

- Performance Based Question - Set 4

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam related to what a forensic analyst would do during an investigation. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 5

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match protocols and ports. You'll then have seven questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 6

You'll see a list of security controls along with a graphic showing devices and locations within an organization, along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the controls with the devices and locations. You'll then have four questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 7

You'll see a list of authentication methods and authentication factors along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the authentication methods with the authentication factors. You'll then have six questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This set also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 8

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This is similar to Set 2 but expands on the possibilities. The set also includes a link to a page showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 9

New questions recently added using a different testing engine. See a demo here. This set includes drag and drop and matching questions on ports.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 10

A random set of 20 performance-based questions using drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in-the blank. This set includes performance-based questions on RAID.

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions Here

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions

Vulnerability Assessment

Vulnerability assessments are broader than just vulnerability scans. A vulnerability scanner can discover technical vulnerabilities, but an organization can also have nontechnical vulnerabilities that go beyond technical controls.

A  vulnerability assessment can also check for nontechnical vulnerabilities. For example, Chapter 6 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide mentioned tailgating, where an employee follows closely behind another employee without using credentials. One employee uses a proximity card to open a door and other employees follow. If employees are tailgating, can an attacker do the same? Theoretically, yes, but in many cases, management wants more than theory. A vulnerability assessment can include a test to see if a visitor can access secure spaces without credentials.

Similarly, employees may be susceptible to social engineering attacks. An attacker may use low-tech methods to trick employees into revealing sensitive information. Educated employees often recognize these techniques, but even if a company provides training, it doesn’t necessarily mean that the employees are educated. A vulnerability assessment can verify what training was effective and sometimes identify which employees represent the highest risks.

Vulnerability Assessment

 

For example, users should not give their password out to anyone, and many organizations regularly remind users of this security practice. However, will users give out their password?

I remember one vulnerability assessment performed within a bank. The testers drafted an official-looking email explaining a fictitious problem, but linked it to an actual internal server migration. The email indicated that due to the migration, there was a problem with the accounts and users would lose account access unless they provided their password. All of the employees attended training less than a month earlier on the importance of not giving out their passwords. Still, over 35 percent of the employees provided their password in response to this email.

Full Security+ Course

Full Security+ Course Now Available

Helping you Pass the First Time

Online access includes all of the content from the

CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide

  • Introduction
  • About the exam (including types of questions and strategies for performance-based questions)
  • 100 question pre-assessment exam
  • Mastering Security Basics (full content from Chapter 1 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Exploring Control Types and Methods (full content from Chapter 2 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Basic Network Security (full content from Chapter 3 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Securing Your Network (full content from Chapter 4 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Securing Hosts and Data (full content from Chapter 5 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Malware and Social Engineering (full content from Chapter 6 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Identifying Advanced Attacks (full content from Chapter 7 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Managing Risk (full content from Chapter 8 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Preparing for Business Continuity (full content from Chapter 9 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Cryptography (full content from Chapter 10 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Exploring Operational Security (full content from Chapter 11 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • 100 question post-assessment exam
  • Security+ Acronyms

Get the Full Security+ Course Here

 Full Security+ Course Now Available


Test your readiness with these quality materials

Random 100-question tests

Random practice tests from the all of the practice test questions in the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide. All questions include explanations so you'll know why the correct answers are correct, and why the incorrect answers are incorrect.

34 Simulated Performance-based Questions

Eight sets of performance-based questions with multiple questions in each set. These questions help you understand and prepare for performance based questions.

22 Realistic Performance-based Questions

Two new sets of performance-based questions with a total of 22 questions. These new questions use a new testing engine that includes realistic drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in the blank questions.

Flashcard Set

  • 273 Security+ Flashcards to reinforce key testable concepts
  • 280 Security+ acronyms flashcards to help you master the required acronyms
  • 204 Security+ Remember This slides

Audio - SY0-401 Security+ Remember This Audio Files

Learn by Listening. Over one hour and 15 minutes of audio (MP3 downloads.)

Audio - SY0-401 Security+ Question and Answer Audio Files

Learn by Listening. Over three hours hour and 15 minutes of audio (MP3 downloads.)

Bonus #1

Audio from the end of chapter reviews from each of the chapters in the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide. Over one hour and 15 minutes of additional audio.

Bonus #2

Subnetting mini-tutorial that will help you answer two key question types:
  • Identify how many hosts a subnet supports
  • Identify valid IP addresses within a subnet

Bonus #3 

Access the study materials for a total of 60 days because sometimes life happens.

Get the Full Security+ Course Here

Other Assessment Techniques

Other assessment techniques include:

  • Baseline reporting. Chapter 5 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide presented information on baselines, including security baselines and configuration baselines. Many vulnerability assessment tools can perform baseline reviews by comparing current security and configuration data with a baseline to detect changes. These changes can introduce vulnerabilities, so they should be investigated.
  • Code review. Chapter 7 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide discussed methods of ensuring that code is secure and mentioned the importance of code review. A code review goes line-by-line through the code and can help detect vulnerabilities, such as race conditions or susceptibility to buffer overflow attacks. Other programmers often perform them as a peer assessment.
  • Attack surface review. The attack surface refers to the attack vectors available on a system, such as open ports. By hardening a system, you reduce the attack surface and a vulnerability assessment evaluates a system to determine if it is adequately hardened.
  • Architecture review. Security experts review the network architecture by examining the network and looking for potential vulnerabilities. For example, a review may discover that a database server is located within a demilitarized zone (DMZ) and is accessible from the Internet. The review can recommend moving the database server behind an additional firewall.
  • Design review. Security experts can also identify vulnerabilities by reviewing designs. This includes reviewing the physical layout of a building, the layout of the network, or how an application interacts with other applications or systems. Security is easier to implement early in the design stage than it is to implement later, and a design review ensures that systems and software are developed properly.

Remember this

A baseline review identifies changes from the standard configuration. Code reviews review software line-by-line to identify potential vulnerabilities such as race conditions or susceptibility to buffer overflow attacks. Design reviews ensure that systems and software are developed properly.


Get Certified Get Ahead

Q. Your organization develops application software, which it sells to other companies for commercial use. Your organization wants to ensure that the software isn’t susceptible to common vulnerabilities, such as buffer overflow attacks and race conditions. What should the organization implement to ensure software meets this standard?

A. Input validation

B. Change management

C. Code review

D. Regression testing

Answer is C. A code review goes line-by-line through the software code looking for vulnerabilities, such as buffer overflows and race conditions.

Input validation helps prevent buffer overflows but not race conditions.

Change management controls help prevent unintended outages from unauthorized changes.

Regression testing is a type of testing used to ensure that new patches do not cause errors.

See Chapter 8 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide for more information on managing risk.

Leave a Comment

CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list and get a free excerpt of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide.  This excerpt includes the introduction and Chapter 1. 

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Get Certified Get Ahead is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program,
an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com.

Copyright © 2015 Get Certified Get Ahead. All Rights Reserved.