SY0-401 Differences in Access Control and Identity Management

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CompTIA has updated objectives and this post covers the SY0-401 differences in Access Control and Identity Management. They changed the weighting of this domain increasing it from 13% in the SY0-301 exam to 15% in the SY0-401 exam. You can expect to see as many as 15 questions on these topics. The changes aren’t significant and are often just organized differently. However, this section does include several new topics.

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Remember, you can still take the SY0-301 exam up until December 31, 2014.

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SY0-401 Differences in Authentication Services

This objective has minor wording changes which indicate that CompTIA expects you to be able to differentiate them from each other.

SY0-301 SY0-401
Explain the function and purpose of authentication services Compare and contrast the function and purpose of authentication services.

They removed one item (TACACS) and added two new ones:

  • SAML
  • Secure LDAP

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SY0-401 Differences in Authentication, Authorization, Access Controls

This objective has been changed, indicating CompTIA will do scenario based questions. These typically use one or two sentences to describe a situation and ask you to select the best solution.

SY0-301 SY0-401
Explain the fundamental concepts and best practices related to authentication, authorization and access control Given a scenario, select the appropriate authentication, authorization or access control.

Within the objective, CompTIA has taken the time organize topics making them a little clearer about what they expect you to know. The first bullet adds in authorization.

  • Identification vs. authentication vs. authorization

Next, the Authorization bullet groups several bullets directly related to authorization. These aren’t new concepts compared to the older objectives, but instead just reorganized.

  • Authorization
    • Least privilege
    • Separation of duties
    • ACLs
    • Mandatory access
    • Discretionary access
    • Rule-based access control
    • Role-based access control
    • Time of day restrictions

Next, the Authentication bullet organizes common authentication topics and also adds some new ones. I bolded the new ones to help them stand out.

  • Authentication
    • Tokens
    • Common access card
    • Smart card
    • Multifactor authentication
    • TOTP
    • HOTP
    • CHAP
    • PAP
    • Single sign-on
    • Access control
    • Implicit deny
    • Trusted OS

While CHAP and PAP were in the previous objectives, they were only in the cryptography section, not with the authentication section. Next the authentication factors are spelled out to indicate exactly what you’re expected to know. Also, they have added somewhere you are and something you do,which are new concepts for the Security+ exam.

  • Authentication factors
    • Something you are
    • Something you have
    • Something you know
    • Somewhere you are
    • Something you do

In the Identification bullet, they broke out some specific methods of identification. While username is an addition in this section, it isn’t a new topic. It’s the most common method of identification and was implied in the previous exam objectives.

  • Identification
    • Biometrics
    • Personal identification verification card
    • Username

Last, two new topics were added into this section.

  • Federation
  • Transitive trust/authentication

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SY0-401 Differences in Account Management

The account management objective changes the wording from “implement” to “install and configure” but this change isn’t significant. The new phrase “best practices” might cause some challenges, because there isn’t a definitive source that is reliable for all best practices, and they are often a moving target.

SY0-301 SY0-401
Implement appropriate security controls when performing account management Install and configure security controls when performing account management, based on best practices.

Within the “Account policy enforcement” bullet, CompTIA added some new topics.  Some of these topics were already implied in the previous objectives but I highlighted items that are new:

  • Credential management
  • Group policy
  • Password history
  • Password reuse
  • Password length
  • Generic account prohibition

Also within this objective CompTIA added two new bullets. They aren’t really new topics because they are mentioned in other objectives, but they do show CompTIAs desire to include a focus on these topics within the context of account management.

  • User access reviews
  • Continuous monitoring

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 SYO-401 Practice Test Questions Now Available


INCLUDES QUESTIONS TO HELP YOU PREPARE

FOR THE NEW PERFORMANCE BASED QUESTIONS 

Bonus - Performance Based Questions

Additional Security+ questions to help you prepare for the new performance based questions. These are included with the full bank of Security+ practice test questions and are divided into different sections. For example, you'll have access to the following links:

- Performance Based Question - Set 1

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of security to mobile devices and servers in a data center. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 2

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 3

You'll see a graphic showing a network with computers and servers separated by a firewall. The firewall is used to control traffic between the computers and users using rules within an access control list (ACL).  You'll have three questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly identify the relevant components of the rule. The incorrect answers and explanation provide you with insight into how to correctly answer this type of question on the actual exam.

- Performance Based Question - Set 4

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam related to what a forensic analyst would do during an investigation. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 5

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match protocols and ports. You'll then have seven questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 6

You'll see a list of security controls along with a graphic showing devices and locations within an organization, along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the controls with the devices and locations. You'll then have four questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 7

You'll see a list of authentication methods and authentication factors along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the authentication methods with the authentication factors. You'll then have six questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This set also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 8

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This is similar to Set 2 but expands on the possibilities. The set also includes a link to a page showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 9

New questions recently added using a different testing engine. See a demo here. This set includes drag and drop and matching questions on ports.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 10

A random set of 20 performance-based questions using drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in-the blank. This set includes performance-based questions on RAID.

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions Here

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions

Simulated Performance-based Questions

Bonus - Performance Based Questions

Simulated performance-based questions included with all

packages that include practice test questions.

Additional Security+ questions to help you prepare for the new performance based questions. These are included with the full bank of Security+ practice test questions and are divided into different sections. For example, you'll have access to the following links:

- Performance Based Question - Set 1

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of security to mobile devices and servers in a data center. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 2

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 3

You'll see a graphic showing a network with computers and servers separated by a firewall. The firewall is used to control traffic between the computers and users using rules within an access control list (ACL).  You'll have three questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly identify the relevant components of the rule. The incorrect answers and explanation provide you with insight into how to correctly answer this type of question on the actual exam.

- Performance Based Question - Set 4

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam related to what a forensic analyst would do during an investigation. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 5

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match protocols and ports. You'll then have seven questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 6

You'll see a list of security controls along with a graphic showing devices and locations within an organization, along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the controls with the devices and locations. You'll then have four questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 7

You'll see a list of authentication methods and authentication factors along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the authentication methods with the authentication factors. You'll then have six questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This set also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 8

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This is similar to Set 2 but expands on the possibilities. The set also includes a link to a page showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 9

New questions recently added using a different testing engine. See a demo here. This set includes drag and drop and matching questions on ports.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 10

A random set of 20 performance-based questions using drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in-the blank. This set includes performance-based questions on RAID.

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions Here

Simulated performance-based questions included with

all packages that include practice test questions.

 SY0-401 Differences in Access Control and Identity Management Summary

CompTIA is giving more weight to this topic by upping it 2% to 15%. As with other objectives, they have slightly modified the wording but these modifications are not significant. Of more importance is the addition of several new items such as TOTP, HOTP, Somewhere you are, Something you do, Federation, Transitive trust/authentication, Credential management, Group policy, and Generic account prohibition.

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