Identifying New Viruses

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Organizations and individuals can thwart many of the  common attacks with some simple steps. This includes using up-to-date antivirus software and educating users. If you’re planning to take the Security+ exam, you should have a basic understanding of identifying new viruses and preventing these attacks.

For example, can you answer this question?

Q. Social engineers have launched several successful phone-based attacks against your organization resulting in several data leaks. Which of the following would be the MOST effective at reducing the success of these attacks?

A. Implement a BYOD policy.

B. Update the AUP.

C. Provide training on data handling.

D. Implement a program to increase security awareness.

More, do you know why the correct answer is correct and the incorrect answers are incorrect? The answer and explanation is available at the end of this post.

Security+ Practice Test Questions

SYO-401 Practice Test Questions Now Available

Over 440 realistic Security+ practice test questions

All questions include explanations so you'll know why the correct answers are correct,

and why the incorrect answers are incorrect.

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Multiple quiz formats to let you use these questions based on the way you learn.
  • Learn mode - randomized. View each of the questions in random order. Learn mode allows you to keep selecting answers until you select the correct answer. Once you select the correct answer, you'll see the explanation. Click here to see how learn mode works.
  • Learn mode - not randomized. View each of the questions in the same order. Use this if you want to make sure that you see all of the questions. Learn mode allows you to keep selecting answers until you select the correct answer. Once you select the correct answer, you'll see the explanation. Click here to see how learn mode works.
  • Test mode - randomized. View each of the questions in random order. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.
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  • Test mode - 100 random questions. View 100 random questions from the full test bank similar to how the Security+ exam has a potential maximum of 100 multiple choice questions. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.

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 SYO-401 Practice Test Questions Now Available


INCLUDES QUESTIONS TO HELP YOU PREPARE

FOR THE NEW PERFORMANCE BASED QUESTIONS 

Bonus - Performance Based Questions

Additional Security+ questions to help you prepare for the new performance based questions. These are included with the full bank of Security+ practice test questions and are divided into different sections. For example, you'll have access to the following links:

- Performance Based Question - Set 1

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of security to mobile devices and servers in a data center. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 2

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 3

You'll see a graphic showing a network with computers and servers separated by a firewall. The firewall is used to control traffic between the computers and users using rules within an access control list (ACL).  You'll have three questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly identify the relevant components of the rule. The incorrect answers and explanation provide you with insight into how to correctly answer this type of question on the actual exam.

- Performance Based Question - Set 4

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam related to what a forensic analyst would do during an investigation. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 5

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match protocols and ports. You'll then have seven questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 6

You'll see a list of security controls along with a graphic showing devices and locations within an organization, along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the controls with the devices and locations. You'll then have four questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 7

You'll see a list of authentication methods and authentication factors along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the authentication methods with the authentication factors. You'll then have six questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This set also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 8

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This is similar to Set 2 but expands on the possibilities. The set also includes a link to a page showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 9

New questions recently added using a different testing engine. See a demo here. This set includes drag and drop and matching questions on ports.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 10

A random set of 20 performance-based questions using drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in-the blank. This set includes performance-based questions on RAID.

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions Here

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions

Educating Users

The single best protection against many attacks such as social engineering and other attacks mentioned is to train and raise the security awareness of users. Many users simply aren’t aware of the attackers’ methods. However, once they understand the risks and methods used by social engineers and other attackers, they are less likely to fall prey to these attacks. Similarly, raising users’ security awareness helps them recognize and respond appropriately to new threats and security trends.

Security-related awareness and training programs take many forms. Some common methods include formal classes, short informal live training sessions, online courses, posters, newsletters, logon banners, and periodic emails. These programs often keep users aware of new threats and new security trends and alerts, such as new viruses, current phishing attacks, and zero-day exploits.

Identifying New Viruses

 

New Viruses

Criminals are constantly releasing new viruses and some prove to be exceptionally damaging. Many of these require administrators to take quick action to mitigate the threat, but other times, users need to take action.

As an example, security experts discovered Heartbleed in early 2014 and sent out alerts. Administrators managing servers using OpenSSL needed to take steps to eliminate the vulnerability. However, the Heartbleed vulnerability existed on systems for as long as two years and allowed attackers to view information in secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) sessions. This included passwords and other secure data.

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SY0-401 Study GuideThe CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide is an update to the top-selling SY0-201 and SY0-301 study guides, which have helped thousands of readers pass the exam the first time they took it.

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Several alerts told users they should change all the passwords they used on the Internet. The operating system or platform didn’t matter. If users logged on to a vulnerable site using a desktop computer, a mobile iOS device, an Android device, or anything else, attackers might have their credentials. Users who were aware of security issues took note and changed their passwords immediately.

If users simply ignore alerts about new threats such as Heartbleed, they remain at risk. Providing training to users on how important these alerts are helps them pay attention and respond when security experts release them.

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Phishing Attacks

In addition to releasing new viruses regularly, criminals are also launching new phishing attacks. Some new attempts are tricky and fool many people. The best way to prevent successful attacks is to educate people about what the criminals are doing now.

As an example, criminals hijacked a server in a foreign country and installed drive-by malware on it. If a user visited, the drive-by malware downloaded and installed itself on the user’s system. This allowed criminals to access users’ systems remotely and gather user data, such as passwords and financial information. Now all they needed to do is get users to visit. They lured users with this message:

From: Eubank Funeral Home

Subject: Death and funeral announcement

For this unprecedented event, we offer our deepest prayers of condolence and invite to you to be present at the celebration of your friends life service on Thursday, February 6, 2014 that will take place at Eubank Funeral Home at 11:00 a.m.

Please find invitation and more detailed information about the farewell ceremony here.

Best wishes and prayers,

Many users clicked and the server in the foreign country downloaded malware onto their systems. Worse, users thought that the Eubank Funeral Home (which is real) launched the attack. The funeral home received 50 to 100 complaints a day from people all over the world. Obviously, this seriously disrupted their business. In time, the Eubank Funeral Home phishing emails stopped. Criminals replaced them with other legitimate funeral homes, such as the Hubbell Funeral Home.


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Online access includes all of the content from the

CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide

  • Introduction
  • About the exam (including types of questions and strategies for performance-based questions)
  • 100 question pre-assessment exam
  • Mastering Security Basics (full content from Chapter 1 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Exploring Control Types and Methods (full content from Chapter 2 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Basic Network Security (full content from Chapter 3 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Securing Your Network (full content from Chapter 4 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Securing Hosts and Data (full content from Chapter 5 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Malware and Social Engineering (full content from Chapter 6 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Identifying Advanced Attacks (full content from Chapter 7 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Managing Risk (full content from Chapter 8 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Preparing for Business Continuity (full content from Chapter 9 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Cryptography (full content from Chapter 10 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Exploring Operational Security (full content from Chapter 11 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • 100 question post-assessment exam
  • Security+ Acronyms

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Test your readiness with these quality materials

Random 100-question tests

Random practice tests from the all of the practice test questions in the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide. All questions include explanations so you'll know why the correct answers are correct, and why the incorrect answers are incorrect.

34 Simulated Performance-based Questions

Eight sets of performance-based questions with multiple questions in each set. These questions help you understand and prepare for performance based questions.

22 Realistic Performance-based Questions

Two new sets of performance-based questions with a total of 22 questions. These new questions use a new testing engine that includes realistic drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in the blank questions.

Flashcard Set

  • 273 Security+ Flashcards to reinforce key testable concepts
  • 280 Security+ acronyms flashcards to help you master the required acronyms
  • 204 Security+ Remember This slides

Audio - SY0-401 Security+ Remember This Audio Files

Learn by Listening. Over one hour and 15 minutes of audio (MP3 downloads.)

Audio - SY0-401 Security+ Question and Answer Audio Files

Learn by Listening. Over three hours hour and 15 minutes of audio (MP3 downloads.)

Bonus #1

Audio from the end of chapter reviews from each of the chapters in the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide. Over one hour and 15 minutes of additional audio.

Bonus #2

Subnetting mini-tutorial that will help you answer two key question types:
  • Identify how many hosts a subnet supports
  • Identify valid IP addresses within a subnet

Bonus #3 

Access the study materials for a total of 60 days because sometimes life happens.

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Q. Social engineers have launched several successful phone-based attacks against your organization resulting in several data leaks. Which of the following would be the MOST effective at reducing the success of these attacks?

A. Implement a BYOD policy.

B. Update the AUP.

C. Provide training on data handling.

D. Implement a program to increase security awareness.

Answer is D. The best choice of the available answers is to implement a program to increase security awareness, and it could focus on social engineering attacks.

A bring your own device (BYOD) policy or an acceptable use policy (AUP) doesn’t apply in this scenario.

Training is useful, but training users on data handling won’t necessarily educate them on social engineering attacks.

See Chapter 6 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide for more information malware and social engineering.

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