Device Security Concepts

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There are many methods available to reduce risks associated with mobile devices. Some methods focus on  device security, while others focus on application security. If you’re planning to take the Security+ exam, you should have a basic understanding of mobile security concepts and technologies.

For example, can you answer this question?

Q. Key personnel in your organization have mobile devices, which store sensitive information. What can you implement to prevent data loss from these devices if a thief steals one?

A. Asset tracking

B. Screen lock

C. Mobile device management

D. GPS tracking

More, do you know why the correct answer is correct and the incorrect answers are incorrect? The answer and explanation is available at the end of this post.

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Bonus - Performance Based Questions

Additional Security+ questions to help you prepare for the new performance based questions. These are included with the full bank of Security+ practice test questions and are divided into different sections. For example, you'll have access to the following links:

- Performance Based Question - Set 1

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of security to mobile devices and servers in a data center. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

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- Performance Based Question - Set 3

You'll see a graphic showing a network with computers and servers separated by a firewall. The firewall is used to control traffic between the computers and users using rules within an access control list (ACL).  You'll have three questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly identify the relevant components of the rule. The incorrect answers and explanation provide you with insight into how to correctly answer this type of question on the actual exam.

- Performance Based Question - Set 4

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam related to what a forensic analyst would do during an investigation. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 5

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match protocols and ports. You'll then have seven questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 6

You'll see a list of security controls along with a graphic showing devices and locations within an organization, along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the controls with the devices and locations. You'll then have four questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 7

You'll see a list of authentication methods and authentication factors along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the authentication methods with the authentication factors. You'll then have six questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This set also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 8

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This is similar to Set 2 but expands on the possibilities. The set also includes a link to a page showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 9

New questions recently added using a different testing engine. See a demo here. This set includes drag and drop and matching questions on ports.

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Locating a Lost Device

The primary scenario that concerns mobile device users and administrators is loss or theft of a device. For example, if a thief steals Homer’s smartphone or tablet, Homer will have two primary concerns. He’ll want to locate the device and prevent the thief from accessing any data on the device. Several tools address both of these concerns.

The primary tool used to locate a lost device is Global Positioning System (GPS), which pinpoints its location. GPS capabilities are standard on smartphones and tablets. As an example, Apple products use iCloud features and can help you locate iPhones and iPads from any computer with Internet access. The Find My iPhone or Find My iPad feature needs to be enabled on the device before it is lost. You can then log onto the iCloud site with a web browser.

The following figure shows a screenshot of the Find My iPhone web page after locating an iPad. I expanded the map to show more states, but you can easily home in on the exact street location. With just a few clicks, you can play a sound on the iPad (to help you find it), put it into Lost mode, or erase it.

Device Security Concepts

Find My iPhone

Lost mode locks it with a passcode and displays a message on the screen. If you enter your phone number, the message includes your phone number. If a Good Samaritan finds your device, she can use this phone number to call you and return your device. The Erase iPad selection sends a signal to erase all data and settings on the device. After everything is erased, it will display a custom message from you, along with your phone number. However, you won’t be able to access any features to locate the device.

It’s worthwhile mentioning that while GPS can be an effective tool to help you locate and recover a system, it can also be a vulnerability. An attacker may be able to use GPS to track the location of an individual who owns a mobile device. Because of this, many users disable GPS tracking.

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Device Security Concepts and Concerns

Mobile device security includes device encryption to protect the data, screen locks to help prevent unauthorized access, and remote wipe capabilities to delete all data on a lost phone. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) methods are often used for inventory control.

The following list summarizes some device security concepts and concerns:

  • Screen locks. Most devices support the use of a passcode or password to lock the device. This is similar to a password-protected screen saver on desktop systems and prevents someone from easily accessing the device and the data it contains. You probably won’t keep the thief out of your mobile device for very long, but you can slow someone down. This gives you time to send a remote wipe signal before the thief accesses the data. Some devices have an additional setting that erases all the data if the incorrect passcode is entered too many times.
  • Lockout. Many devices include a lockout feature, such as iPad’s Lost mode lock. It can send a signal to lock the device with a passcode, even if it didn’t originally have a passcode.

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  • Remote wiping. This is similar to the Erase iPad feature. It sends a remote signal to the device to wipe or erase all the data. Remote wipe capabilities are useful if the phone is lost. The owner can send a remote wipe signal to the phone to delete all the data on the phone. This also deletes any cached data, such as cached online banking passwords, and provides a complete sanitization of the device by removing all valuable data.
  • Asset tracking. Mobile devices are easy to lose track of so organizations often use asset-tracking methods to reduce losses. For example, when a user is issued a mobile device, asset-tracking methods record it. Similarly, if the user leaves the company, asset-tracking methods ensure the user returns the device.
  • Inventory control. Many organizations use automated methods for inventory control. For example, radio-frequency identification (RFID) methods can track the movement of devices. These are the same types of devices used in stores to prevent shoplifting. If someone exits without paying, the RFID device transmits when the shoplifter gets close to the exit door, and sounds an alarm. Organizations won’t necessarily have an alarm, but they can track the movement of devices.

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  • Exploring Control Types and Methods (full content from Chapter 2 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
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  • 100 question post-assessment exam
  • Security+ Acronyms

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Test your readiness with these quality materials

Random 100-question tests

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Eight sets of performance-based questions with multiple questions in each set. These questions help you understand and prepare for performance based questions.

22 Realistic Performance-based Questions

Two new sets of performance-based questions with a total of 22 questions. These new questions use a new testing engine that includes realistic drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in the blank questions.

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Q. Key personnel in your organization have mobile devices, which store sensitive information. What can you implement to prevent data loss from these devices if a thief steals one?

A. Asset tracking

B. Screen lock

C. Mobile device management

D. GPS tracking

Answer is B. A screen lock helps prevent data loss in the event of theft of a mobile device storing sensitive information.

Other security controls (not listed as answers in this question) that help prevent loss of data in this situation are account lockouts, full device encryption, and remote wipe capabilities.

Asset tracking is an inventory control method.

Mobile device management helps keep systems up to date with current patches.

Global positioning system (GPS) tracking helps locate the device.

See Chapter 5 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide for more information securing mobile devices.

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