Business Continuity Planning

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Business continuity planning helps an organization predict and plan for potential outages of critical services or functions. The goal is to ensure that critical business operations continue and the organization can survive the outage.  If you’re planning on taking the Security+ exam, you should have a basic understanding of relevant topics related to the process of business continuity planning.

Here’s a sample question:

Q. A BCP includes a chart listing roles within the organization along with their matching responsibilities during a disaster. It also includes a chain of command. What is the purpose of this chart?

A. IT contingency planning

B. Succession planning

C. COOP

D. RTO

Can you answer the question? More, do you know why the correct answer is correct and the incorrect answers are incorrect? The answer and explanation is available at the end of this post.

Security+ Practice Test Questions

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  • Test mode - 100 random questions. View 100 random questions from the full test bank similar to how the Security+ exam has a potential maximum of 100 multiple choice questions. In test mode, you can only see the correct answers and explanations after you complete the test. Click here to see how test mode works.

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Additional Security+ questions to help you prepare for the new performance based questions. These are included with the full bank of Security+ practice test questions and are divided into different sections. For example, you'll have access to the following links:

- Performance Based Question - Set 1

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of security to mobile devices and servers in a data center. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

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You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

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- Performance Based Question - Set 4

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam related to what a forensic analyst would do during an investigation. You'll then have two questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 5

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- Performance Based Question - Set 6

You'll see a list of security controls along with a graphic showing devices and locations within an organization, along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the controls with the devices and locations. You'll then have four questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This question also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 7

You'll see a list of authentication methods and authentication factors along with instructions on what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match the authentication methods with the authentication factors. You'll then have six questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This set also includes a link to a graphic showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

- Performance Based Question - Set 8

You'll see a graphic explaining what you might be required to do on the actual exam to match different types of attacks with the name of the attack type. You'll then have five questions that test your knowledge and ability to correctly answer the questions. This is similar to Set 2 but expands on the possibilities. The set also includes a link to a page showing the end solution for the overall performance based question simulation.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 9

New questions recently added using a different testing engine. See a demo here. This set includes drag and drop and matching questions on ports.

New - Performance Based Question - Set 10

A random set of 20 performance-based questions using drag and drop, matching, sorting, and fill in-the blank. This set includes performance-based questions on RAID.

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions Here

Get the full bank of Security+ Practice Test Questions

Organizations often create a business continuity plan (BCP). This plan includes BIA, COOP and disaster recovery, IT contingency and succession planning. This post covers IT Contingency Planning and Succession Planning.

IT Contingency Planning

Information technology (IT) contingency planning is focused on recovery for IT systems only. From a broader perspective, a BCP looks at the entire organization and can include one or more DRPs. A DRP provides steps and procedures to return one or more systems to operation after a major disruption or outage and may involve moving operations to a different location. IT contingency planning works on a smaller scale and examines single systems only.

Notice there is a little overlap here. A DRP can document steps and procedures to return a single system to operation, just as an IT contingency plan can. For a small organization, there isn’t any real distinction between the two. However, for a large organization, the IT contingency plan provides a little more manageability for the process. Instead of creating a massive DRP that does everything, it can create a DRP with multiple IT contingency plans.

Business Continuity Planning

Succession Planning

Succession planning means different things depending on the context. From a purely business perspective, succession planning identifies people within the organization who can fill leadership positions. The goal is to ensure the business can continue to thrive even if key leaders within the organization become ill or leave unexpectedly.

Within the context of business continuity and disaster preparedness, succession planning is the process of identifying a hierarchical chain of command. For example, the cost to activate a warm site might be substantial, so a BCP may dictate that only the CEO can decide when to activate the warm site. However, what does the organization do if the CEO is vacationing in Las Vegas or is otherwise unreachable? The BCP can provide an order of succession used during a disaster to ensure that someone has the authority to make decisions.

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Without clear succession planning, people might try to take control when they shouldn’t. Even when succession planning is clear, people might still try to take control in crisis situations. In 1981, after John Hinckley Jr. shot President Reagan, Secretary of State Alexander Haig infamously said, “I am in control here.” However, the U.S. constitution identifies the line of succession if the president is incapacitated. The succession order is the vice president, the Speaker of the House, the president pro tempore of the Senate, and then the secretary of state. Several people quickly pointed out the correct line of succession.

In contrast, if no one perceives they have any authority, they might be reluctant to make any decisions. To address this, a BCP or DRP might include a chart of roles and responsibilities organized by title, along with a hierarchical chain of command. This makes clear to personnel who can make certain decisions.

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Remember this

Succession planning ensures that an organization can continue to thrive even if key leaders unexpectedly leave or are unavailable. Some BCPs and DRPs include charts identifying roles and responsibilities, along with a clear chain of command.


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  • 100 question pre-assessment exam
  • Mastering Security Basics (full content from Chapter 1 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Exploring Control Types and Methods (full content from Chapter 2 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Basic Network Security (full content from Chapter 3 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Securing Your Network (full content from Chapter 4 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Securing Hosts and Data (full content from Chapter 5 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
  • Understanding Malware and Social Engineering (full content from Chapter 6 of the study guide including the exam topic review and 20 practice test questions)
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Eight sets of performance-based questions with multiple questions in each set. These questions help you understand and prepare for performance based questions.

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Q. A BCP includes a chart listing roles within the organization along with their matching responsibilities during a disaster. It also includes a chain of command. What is the purpose of this chart?

A. IT contingency planning

B. Succession planning

C. COOP

D. RTO

Answer is B. Succession planning clarifies who can make decisions during a disaster and can be documented in a chart listing roles and responsibilities along with a chain of command.

IT contingency planning focuses on recovery of IT systems.

Continuity of operations planning (COOP) identifies methods, such as alternate sites, that an organization can implement after a disaster.

Recovery time objective (RTO) identifies the maximum amount of time it should to take to restore a system after an outage.

See Chapter 9 of the CompTIA Security+: Get Certified Get Ahead: SY0-401 Study Guide for more information on business continuity.

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